A Study of Coverage Probability-Based Energy-Efficiency Analysis for UAV-Aided THz-Enabled 6G Networks

Kazi Mohammed Saidul Huq, Ifiok E. Otung, Jonathan Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Reliable and flexible emergency communication is a crucial challenge for search and rescue in the circumstance of disasters, specifically for the situation when base stations (BS) are no longer functioning. Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-aided networking is becoming a prominent solution to establish emergency networks, which also should be energy-efficient. The Terahertz (THz) frequency-enabled communication system is also envisioned as enabling technology for Sixth-Generation (6G) communication systems. To this end, we consider a THz UAV network for our investigation. In this article, we study energy-efficiency (EE) analysis for UAV-Aided Terahertz-Enabled 6G Networks. The metric coverage probability (CP) is adopted as EE analysis given the QoS requirement. Using stochastic geometry tools, we derive a CP. Afterward, considering that CP, we study a network EE optimization method. Borrowing the idea from the existing literature, we reformulate the actual EE optimization problem into a solvable Dinkelbach nonlinear fractional programming. However, the optimization problem turns into a nondeterministic polynomial hard (NP-hard) problem. Eventually, we transform that NP-hard problem into a convex optimization problem using the ConCave-Convex procedure (CCCP), which is more tractable and feasible to find a solution for the optimization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7404-7411
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number7
Early online date18 Jul 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Jul 2022


  • 6G
  • 6G mobile communication
  • Autonomous aerial vehicles
  • Communication systems
  • Computer architecture
  • energy-efficiency
  • Solid modeling
  • stochastic geometry
  • Three-dimensional displays
  • THz
  • UAV
  • Wireless communication


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