Development of a Measure of Self-Efficacy Specific to Statistics Courses in Sport

Andrew Lane, Ross Hall, John Lane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The difficulties that sports studies students report regarding learning statistics typically manifests itself in low self-confidence to succeed. The purpose of the present study was to develop a measure of self-efficacy based on competencies identified by students as desirable for successful performance.

Level one sport studies students (N = 130) were asked to describe competencies needed for success on a statistics module. Content analysis identified 44 meaningful competencies describing six factors: lecture behaviour; using information technology; motivated behaviour; time management; statistical theory and a general competencies factor. These competencies were written into a 44-item questionnaire. Future research should investigate the relationships between scores of self-efficacy and performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-52
JournalThe Journal of Hospitality Leisure Sport and Tourism
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2002


  • Self-confidence
  • measurement
  • student performance
  • statistics
  • sports studies students


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