Energy-Efficiency Maximization for D2D-Enabled UAV-Aided 5G Networks

Kazi Mohammed Saidul Huq, Jonathan Rodriguez, Ifiok Otung, Zhenyu Zhou, Kishor Chandra, Shahid Mumtaz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Reliable and flexible emergency communication is a crucial challenge for search and rescue in the circumstance of disasters, specifically for the situation when base stations (BS) are no longer functioning. Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)aided networking is becoming a prominent solution to establish emergency networks with the underlay device-to-device (D2D), which also should be energy-efficient. In this article, we study energy-efficiency (EE) maximization for interference-aware underlay D2D-enabled UAV-aided 5G systems. All the interference scenarios are taken into account while modeling the system architecture. Afterward, we formulate an objective function to optimize EE maximization, which shows the characteristic of an NP-hard nonconvex research problem. Therefore, we transform the nonconvex problem into a convex one by reformulating the constraint functions with the cubic inequality method. Several criteria are developed to satisfy the non-negativity of the reformulating constraint. This leads the problem to be solved as a convex optimization method and results in an efficient iterative resource allocation algorithm. In each iteration, the transformed problem is solved by using Lagrangian dual decomposition with a projected gradient method. In the end, we analyze the convergence behavior of the studied algorithm and also compared it with another existing algorithm through numerical simulations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2020 - Proceedings
Place of PublicationDublin, Ireland
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-5089-5
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-5090-1
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2020
Event2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications - Held virtually due to COVD-19, Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 7 Jun 202011 Jun 2020

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607


Conference2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications
Abbreviated titleIEEE ICC 2020


  • 5G
  • D2D
  • Energy-Efficiency
  • Optimization
  • UAV


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