Experimental and numerical investigation of an air-to-water heat pipe-based heat exchanger

Hassan Mroue, Joao Ramos, Luis Wrobel, Hussam Jouhara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An experimental and analytical investigation was conducted on an air-to-water heat exchanger equipped with six wickless heat pipes (thermosyphons) charged with water as the working fluid. The flow pattern consisted of a double pass on the evaporator and condenser sections. The six thermosyphons were all made from carbon steel, measured 2 m in length and were installed in a staggered arrangement.

The objectives of the reported experimental investigation were to analyse the effect of multiple air passes at different air inlet temperatures (100–250 °C) and air mass flow rates (0.05–0.14 kg/s) on the thermal performance of the heat exchanger unit including the heat pipes. The results were compared with a CFD model that assumed the heat pipes were solid rods with a constant conductivity. The conductivity of the pipes was extracted from modifications of correlations available in the literature based around the theory of Thermal Resistance. The results proved to be very accurate within 10% of the experimental values.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-350
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • heat pipe
  • thermosyphon
  • heat exchanger
  • cfd
  • effectiveness


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