Failure Detection within Composite Materials in System Engineering Applications

Mark Bowkett, Mian Hammad Nazir*, Muhammad Majid Hussain, Zulfiqar Ahmad Khan, Rizwan Akram

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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This paper introduces essential key attributes of composite materials with a focus on carbon fibre (CF), followed by a description of common failure modes and proceeds to an investigation of stiffness of continuous CF laminates of 4-ply and 7-ply epoxy resin in pre-preg and wet layup. The three-point flexural test was performed with a Zwick Z010 machine, and the findings are presented. Continuing to real world failure scenarios and moving onto novel concept methods of live failure detection including scope for wood composites. Showing that early design considerations and further research can lead to advantages for system engineering.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4283
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number9
Early online date23 Apr 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Apr 2022


  • composite
  • fracture point
  • flexural test
  • carbon fibre
  • failure detection


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