Functional biscuits and coronary heart disease risk factors

Michael Graham, Bruce Davies, Wyndham Boobier, Julien Baker, Dave Hullen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose - The purpose of this study is to biomedically assess biscuits designed to reduce selected risk factors for coronary heart disease, in particular serum homocysteine and glucose. Design/methodology/approach - In this study, one of the countries leading jam sandwich biscuits was significantly modified, with particular attention being paid to sugar, fat and salt concentration. A traditional biscuit was converted to a functional food by the addition of vitamin B12, Folic Acid, Vitamin C and Prebiotic fibre, while reducing salt and sugar. Findings - The results obtained from a clinical trial demonstrated that serum homocysteine and blood glucose were significantly decreased (P andlt; 0.05) when the modified product and the traditional biscuit were compared. These findings confirm that a health promoting biscuit can be produced commercially, and have similar organoleptic properties as the standard high fat, high sugar and salt product. Practical implications - These findings could have significant implications to the biscuit industry, as producers of products traditionally associated with poor health. This study shows that biscuit formulations can be modified significantly, and that the resultant dough yield biscuits which can be produced under commercial conditions, be organoleptically acceptable and reduce risk factors associated with coronary heart disease. Originality/value - Moving into the twenty-first century, there is no reason why biscuit consumption should be associated with poor health. Recipe and processing modifications are possible, thanks to new and innovative raw materials and an understanding of dough rheology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260 - 267
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Food Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007


  • bakery products
  • cardiovascular disease
  • food products
  • personal health


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