Green and Highly Efficient MIMO Transceiver System for 5G Heterogenous Networks

Yasir I.A. Al-Yasir, Ahmed M. Abdulkhaleq, Naser Ojaroudi Parchin, Issa T. Elfergani, Jonathan Rodriguez, James M. Noras, Raed A. Abd-Alhameed, Ashwain Rayit, Rami Qahwaji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The paper presents the general requirements and an exemplary design of the RF front-end system that in today4s handset is a key consumer of power. The design is required to minimize the carbon footprint in mobile handsets devices, whilst facilitating cooperation, and providing the energy-efficient operation of multi-standards for 5G communications. It provides the basis of hardware solutions for RF front-end integration challenges and offers design features covering energy efficiency for power amplifiers (PAs), Internet of Things (IoT) controlled tunable filters and compact highly isolated multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) antennas. An optimum design requires synergetic collaboration between academic institutions and industry in order to satisfy the key requirements of sub-6 GHz energy-efficient 5G transceivers, incorporating energy efficiency, good linearity and the potential for low-cost manufacturing. A highly integrated RF transceiver was designed and implemented to transmit and receive a picture using compact MIMO antennas integrated with efficient tunable filters and high linearity PAs. The proposed system has achieved a bit error rate (BER) of less than 10-10 at a data rate of 600 Mb/s with a wireless communication distance of more than 1 meter and power dissipation of 18-20 mW using hybrid beamforming technology and 64-QAM modulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9497351
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking
Issue number00
Early online date27 Jul 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • 5G
  • 5G mobile communication
  • Array signal processing
  • Compact Antennas
  • Energy efficiency
  • Energy-Efficient Transceivers
  • Impedance
  • Internet of Things
  • MIMO communication
  • Multiple Input and Multiple Output (MIMO)
  • Power Amplifiers
  • Radio frequency
  • sub-6 GHz
  • Transceivers
  • Tunable filters.


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