Hydrogen storage and demand to increase wind power onto electricity distribution networks

Stephen Carr*, Giuliano C. Premier, Alan J. Guwy, Richard M. Dinsdale, Jon Maddy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An optimal power flow (OPF) methodology is developed to investigate the provision of a demand hydrogen as a means to maximise wind power generation in relation to a constrained electricity network. The use of excess wind energy to generate hydrogen for use as a transport fuel is investigated. Hydrogen demand is included in the objective function of the OPF, and a techno-economic analysis is presented. We conclude that using this method to generate hydrogen increases the utilisation of wind energy and allows for a hydrogen demand to be met at or near to the point of use. The OPF algorithm that has been developed optimises the amount of wind energy utilised, as well as minimising the amount of hydrogen demand not met. The cost at which the hydrogen is produced was found to be dependent on the operating methodology, component capital investment costs, level of hydrogen demand, and storage constraint.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10195-10207
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2014


  • Energy storage
  • Hydrogen economy
  • Modelling and simulation
  • Optimal power flow
  • Wind power


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