Intracranial pressure and compliance in hypoxic ischemic brain injury patients after cardiac arrest

Mypinder S. Sekhon*, Donald E. Griesdale, Philip N. Ainslie, Peter Gooderham, Denise Foster, Marek Czosnyka, Chiara Robba, Danilo Cardim

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    Introduction: In hypoxic ischemic brain injury (HIBI), increased intracranial pressure (ICP) can ensue from cerebral edema stemming from cytotoxic and vasogenic mechanisms. Downstream sequelae of restricted cerebral blood flow lead to neurologic braindeath. There is limited data characterizing the temporal trends and patterns of ICP and compliance in human HIBI patients. Methods: Patients underwent invasive ICP monitoring with a parenchymal probe (Camino) and were managed with a tier-based management algorithm for elevated ICP. Data pertaining to mean arterial pressure (MAP), ICP, brain tissue oxygenation (PbtO2), end tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2), core body temperature and RAP (moving correlation coefficient between mean ICP and its mean pulse amplitude) as a measure of intracranial compliance were recorded in the ICM + software. Data pertaining to ICP lowering interventions was also collected. Results: Ten patients were included with a median age of 47 (range 20–71) and seven were male (7/10). The mean ICP was 14 mmHg (SD 11) and time of ICP> 20 mmHg was 22% (range 0–100). The mean MAP, ETCO2 and temperature were 89 mmHg (SD 13), 31 mmHg (SD 7), 35.7 °C (SD 0.9), respectively. The mean RAP was 0.58 (SD 0.34) and time of RAP > 0.4 was 78% (range 57–97). There were no significant relationships between ETCO2 and temperature with ICP. Conclusions: In our cohort, HIBI was characterized by normal ICP but with limited intracranial compliance. However, significant in between patient heterogeneity exists with respect to temporal patterns of intracranial pressure — volume relationships in HIBI. Trial registration: (NCT03609333).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)96-103
    Number of pages8
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019


    • Cardiac arrest
    • Hypoxic ischemic brain injury
    • Intracranial compliance
    • Intracranial pressure


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