On Indoor Millimeter Wave Massive MIMO Channels: Measurement and Simulation

Bo Ai, Ke Guan, Ruisi He, Jianzhi Li, Guankai Li, Kazi Mohammed Saidul Huq, Danping He, Zhangdui Zhong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The millimeter wave (mmWave) communications and massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) are both widely considered to be the candidate technologies for the fifth generation mobile communication system. It is thus a good idea to combine these two technologies to achieve a better performance for large capacity and high data-rate transmission. However, one of the fundamental challenges is the characterization of mmWave massive MIMO channel. Most of the previous investigations in mmWave channel only focus on single-input single-output links or MIMO links, whereas the research of massive MIMO channels mainly focus on a frequency band below 6 GHz. This paper investigates the channel behaviors of massive MIMO at a mmWave frequency band around 26 GHz. An indoor mmWave massive MIMO channel measurement campaign with 64 and 128 array elements is conducted, based on which, path loss, shadow fading, root-mean-square (RMS) delay spread, and coherence bandwidth are extracted. Then, by using our developed ray-tracing simulator calibrated by the measurement data, we make the extensive ray-tracing simulations with 1024 antenna elements in the same indoor scenario, and get insights into the variation tendency of mean delay and the RMS delay with different array elements. It is observed that the measurement and the ray-tracing-based simulation results have reached a good agreement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1678 - 1690
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • MIMO
  • Antenna measurements
  • Antenna arrays
  • Frequency measurement
  • 5G mobile communication
  • Bandwidth
  • Wireless communication


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