Ontological Securitization of Health in Africa: The HIV/AIDS, Ebola and COVID-19 Pandemics and the Foreign Virus

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Abstract

Africa’s security issues have suffered serious attention deficits. This article analyses why a globally accepted health security norm, such as fighting a communicable disease during a pandemic such as the COVID-19 pandemic, was, in Africa, perceived as a security threat emanating from external—foreign—actors importing a ‘foreign virus’ into Africa. This fear-based perception can be explained by West Africa’s ontological security fears, ultimately based on its colonial past and a relationship of exploitation by the West. While this article analyses the case of COVID-19, it also explains the same process with previous epidemics, such as HIV/AIDS and EDV/Ebola.
Original languageEnglish
Article number352
Number of pages16
JournalSocial Sciences
Volume11
Issue number8
Early online date8 Aug 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Aug 2022

Keywords

  • securitisation
  • ontological security
  • COVID-19
  • West Africa
  • Ebola
  • HIV/AIDS

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