Performance investigation of the CO2 gas cooler designs and its integration with the refrigeration system

K. M. Tsamos*, P. Gullo, Y. T. Ge, Idew, Santosa, S. A. Tassou, A. Hafner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
369 Downloads (Pure)


In CO2 refrigeration systems, the system can operate in subcritical or transcritical cycle depending on ambient temperature. When the system is operating in transcritical cycle the heat exchanger at the high-pressure side of the system is well known as gas cooler. The gas cooler rejects heat from the superheated refrigerant gas to ambient air without condensation in single phase heat transfer process. The understanding of its performance parameters under different conditions and control strategies is essential to adequately design and optimise for specific applications. In this paper, a detailed mathematical model is developed in the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) platform, and validated with experimental results obtained from a test rig at the National Centre for Sustainable Energy use in Food Chains (CSEF). The model is investigated two different gas cooler designs when separately installed and test into a CO2 refrigeration system, an attempt to formulate the design guidelines for CO2 gas coolers. Then the detailed gas cooler models were integrated with the CO2 refrigeration system model to investigate the effects of the gas cooler design into system COP. Parameters such as intermediate pressure, evaporating temperature and cooling capacity were defined from the experimental results and then inserted to the model. The results of the detailed gas cooler model and CO2 refrigeration system model were validated against the experimental test results based on the gas cooler performance and overall system performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-272
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy procedia
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event1st International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Resource Use in Food Chains, ICSEF 2017 - Berkshire, United Kingdom
Duration: 19 Apr 201720 Apr 2017


  • COrefrigeration system
  • design effects
  • gas cooler design
  • system performance


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