Restoration Quakerism: 1660–1691

Richard C. Allen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


    The three decades after the Restoration of the monarchy proved to be years of considerable persecution for Quakers as the penal code was brutally enforced. Controversy and schism would also impact upon their meetings. This chapter provides a context for a better understanding of how Friends, individually and collectively, reacted to the dual challenges of persecution and internal conflict. Tighter organizational structures and Quaker engagement in politics and economics were key elements in the period. In addition, there were hierarchical changes, a greater interest in developing missionary work, international networks, and, for some, the potential renewal offered by emigration. Attention is paid to Foxian centralization and subsequent divisions among Friends, the role of other leading Friends, particularly William Penn and the establishment of Pennsylvania, and how Friends gradually achieved some accommodation with the state.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationOxford Handbook of Quaker Studies
    EditorsStephen Angell, Pink Dandelion
    Place of PublicationOxford
    PublisherOxford University Press
    Number of pages17
    ISBN (Print)9780199608676
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013


    • centralization
    • emigration
    • litearture
    • Restoration
    • persecution
    • schism
    • toleration
    • Fox
    • Keith
    • Penn


    Dive into the research topics of 'Restoration Quakerism: 1660–1691'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this