Spatial Sound Rendering – A Survey

Jonathan Ware, Athanasios G. Malamos , Konstantinos G. Pavlakis, Eftychia Lakka

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Simulating propagation of sound and audio rendering can improve the sense of realism and the immersion both in complex acoustic environments and dynamic virtual scenes. In studies of sound auralization, the focus has always been on room acoustics modeling, but most of the same methods are also applicable in the construction of virtual environments such as those developed to facilitate computer gaming, cognitive research, and simulated training scenarios. This paper is a review of state-of-the-art techniques that are based on acoustic principles that apply not only to real rooms but also in 3D virtual environments. The paper also highlights the need to expand the field of immersive sound in a web based browsing environment, because, despite the interest and many benefits, few developments seem to have taken place within this context. Moreover, the paper includes a list of the most effective algorithms used for modelling spatial sound propagation and reports their advantages and disadvantages. Finally, the paper emphasizes in the evaluation of these proposed works.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018


  • Real-time spatial audio
  • Acoustics
  • 3D sound
  • Auralization
  • Real-time systems
  • Virtual reality
  • Immersive environments


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