Culture, environment and tourism
: Contemporary Analysis of Resource Planning Issues for developing sustainable tourism products and micro markets

  • Andrew Jones

    Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis


    The research offered in this submission presents the case for a PhD by portfolio and is presented in two parts: an 'Overview' and 'The Evidence'. It explores the synergies between resource planning, sustainability, and regeneration policy associated with the development of tourism. These processes are linked particularly with environmental and cultural resource issues within European and global contexts as well as more specific planning issues within the UK and Wales. Three projects are presented; they address culture and environmental tourism themes in project 1, specific interests in urban planning, regeneration and tourism in project 2, and rural tourism issues in project 3.

    The projects follow a chronological course that illustrates how the research has progressed between 1995 and 2003. They show development from an initial broad interest in planning and sustainable development issues, to more focussed work on heritage and cultural tourism niche markets within more recent urban and rural contexts. The findings from the projects explore notions of planning, regeneration, sustainability and the relationships and synergies that occur between these processes and the development of specialist tourism. The research conclusions from all three projects suggest there still remain critical policy, resource planning and management issues for achieving sustainability, protecting resources and developing new tourism opportunities. This is particularly pertinent for the effective implementation of sustainable tourism.

    Issues concerning the development of niche tourism markets as a sustainable option have been a key research focus. Concerns are raised regarding the role of planning policy, long term strategy, institutional support for sustainable tourism, empowerment of local communities, and tensions between market priorities vis-a-vis conserving environmental and cultural resources. The degree of 'trade off between these often conflicting policy goals are also discussed. In a broader context, evidence from the projects document the changing dimensions of planning, regeneration and sustainable development and tourism policies over nearly a decade and draw conclusions on the challenges still confronting these processes today. In this respect evidence from the projects shows that there is generally more divergence than convergence in policy initiatives which encourage tourism development linked to sustainability. This is particularly the case when alternative forms of tourism are considered.

    The main conclusion synthesised from the projects illustrate that the development of alternative tourism will challenge resourcing and planning activities as these markets look set to grow over the next decade. The portfolio proposes that developing a framework to ensure the successful implementation of new sustainable tourism markets will make strategic planning an increasingly important priority and a future focus for tourism research in this respect. The emerging and fairly recent concept of 'cultural regeneration' is proposed as a focus for this further research.
    Date of AwardJun 2004
    Original languageEnglish
    SupervisorDanny Saunders (Supervisor)


    • Ecotourism

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