The Development of a Semi-Open Refrigeration Cycle for the Crystallisation of Aqueous Salts

  • Barrie Lewis

    Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis


    The development of a Semi-Open Refrigeration Cycle had been shown to be of economic value to the process of crystallisation. The experimentation took the form of several bench scale experiments to develop the designs of the individual vessels that were to constitute the final pilot plant.

    In view of the safety hazards involved with a plant contacting Sulphuric Acid and Liquid Butane, a substantial Hazop and HAZAN study has been carried out.

    From this data the pilot plant was constructed, with all necessary safety features. Computer monitoring and partial computer control was installed.

    The pilot plant was operated as a closed loop for extended periods, to enable the production of both Iron (2) and Copper (2) Sulphates to be produced on a continuous basis.

    The results showed that the crystals produced are of a small size, indicative of the instantaneous chilling of the mother liquor and are not contaminated to a significant degree with the refrigerant.

    The thermal efficiency of the cycle was lower than expected at 80%, but improvements in insulation coupled with the redesign of the condenser, eliminating the necessity for a separator vessel, should increase this to the expected 90%
    Date of AwardMar 1996
    Original languageEnglish

    Cite this